Chance

Stéphane Mallarmé, A Throw of the Dice will Never Abolish Chance, 1897
Stéphane Mallarmé, A Throw of the Dice will Never Abolish Chance, 1897
Dada began c. 1916 in Zurich and employed, among other things, aleatoric methodologies
Dada began c. 1916 in Zurich and employed, among other things, aleatoric methodologies
Hugo Ball, Karawane, 1916
Hugo Ball, Karawane, 1916

Marie Osmond performs Karawane

John Cage’s Water Walk (aleatoric compositions) [3:38]

John Cage’s Sonatas and Interludes c. 1951 (aleatoric compositions)

Naked Lunch by William S. Burroughs, 1962
Naked Lunch by William S. Burroughs, 1962
Brion Gysin and William S. Burroughs, The Third Mind, 1965
Brion Gysin and William S. Burroughs, The Third Mind, 1965
Conditional Design: KnotsElongate your line on both sides by looping it over and under a line of another color. You may not loop your own line or the line you looped in your last turn. If you have no options left on one of the sides, that side is dead. When both sides are dead, you may place a new line.
Conditional Design: Knots

Elongate your line on both sides by looping it over and under a line of another color. You may not loop your own line or the line you looped in your last turn. If you have no options left on one of the sides, that side is dead. When both sides are dead, you may place a new line.

Linked by Air: Yale School of Art website
Linked by Air: Yale School of Art website